How to Apply First Aid on Fractured Bones

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Unlike wounds, administering first aid on broken bones can be complicated and can affect the treatment and healing process. What do you need to remember during this type of emergency and how do you administer first aid on different types of fractures?

Things to Look For
How will you know if it’s a dislocation or fracture? Check the person for any signs of fracture, which can be closed, open, or complicated. It can be difficult sometimes to tell if it’s a fracture, but doctors advise to treat injuries as such. Look for the following signs and symptoms before deciding what kind of first aid treatment is needed: difficulty of movement, pain at the injured area, swelling and tenderness, bruising or discoloration of the injured part, abnormal movement or deformity, and loss of power.

Make sure that the person stays calm and as still as possible, because any sudden movement might aggravate the injury. Tell the person not to move the injured part or to look for the broken bones himself/herself. Control any bleeding in the wounds and make sure that there is no loss of blood circulation in the hands and feet.

First Aid Don’ts
• Don’t reposition or straighten the injured limb when you’re applying the splint or stopping the bleeding. Move the area as gently as possible.
• The splint or bandages must be secure, but should not be too tight to prevent blood circulation.
• Don’t attempt to massage the injured areas or move the parts above and below the broken bone.
• Don’t wash the wounds, if there are any.
• Don’t try to move the injured area if there is no support on the broken bone.
• Don’t give the patient any food or liquid.

First Aid Steps
• The injured person should stay as still as possible while you examine the possibly fractured area. Use your hands to gently feel for swelling, deformities and tenderness, but do not force any examination if touching causes pain.
• If the person is unconscious, start a CPR.
• If the person is conscious, ask questions about the accident and the possible location of the injury, so that when the medical team arrives, treatment is done right away.

• Stop the bleeding, if any, by applying pressure on the wound with a clean cloth without aggravating the injury.
• Use a broad bandage to secure the area above and below the fracture, but the bandage must not be too tight.
• Apply a splint using a long, firm object to immobilize the affected area as gently as possible, then apply cold compress on the swollen parts.
• If the injured feels like he/she is about to faint or has difficulty breathing, let him/her lie down with the head lower than the trunk and elevate the legs if those are not injured.
• Then check for pulse above or below the injured area. If there is no pulse or if the victim claims that there is no sensation in the area, do not attempt to move him/her while waiting for the medics.

Drink Water on an Empty Stomach for These Amazing Benefits

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Did you know that drinking water first thing in the morning can have therapeutic effects for a multitude of health conditions? An especially important effect of this early morning water treatment is that it cleanses the colon, making the body more able to absorb vitamins and nutrients from the food we eat.

For the right amount of water, some say consume two glasses, while others say 4. But we say, drink how much your body can take. No matter how much you drink, as long as you make drinking water in the morning a daily habit, there’s no doubt you’ll get amazing health benefits, including the following:

  1. Rehydrates the Body

Your body is naturally dehydrated after hours of sleep. No matter how much water you’ve had the day before, your body will use it all up while you’re asleep. The first thing drinking water in the morning will do to your body is to provide your cells with much needed rehydration. Doing immediate rehydration will provide noticeable benefits, including feeling refreshed, energized and generally healthier and happier.

  1. Fires Up Metabolism

Drinking plenty of water is crucial in any weight loss plan, but drinking water on an empty stomach is the best way to do it. Think of water as an alarm clock for your metabolism. When your digestive system is working at its best, it increases your body’s calorie burning potential throughout the day.

  1. Improves Skin Complexion

Dehydration can cause premature wrinkles. When you’re body is well hydrated, you increase blood flow in your skin, resulting to a much plumper skin surface. Also, drinking more water throughout the day means that your body releases toxins, which clears up you complexion and make your skin look more radiant.

  1. Prevent Formation of Kidney Stone

Drinking water on an empty stomach in the morning is critical in preventing bladder infection and kidney stones. It’s a fact that drinking water immediately after waking up dilutes stomach acids, which can lead to formation of stones in your kidney. The more water you take, the more you’ll be protected from bladder problems caused by toxins.

  1. Fuels Up the Brain

Here’s a fact: 75% of your brain is made up of water. If you have been drinking enough water, you’ll know that lack of water is not going to help you function at your best. A glass or two of water in the morning will boost your brain activity throughout the day, leaving you feeling clear and sharp.

Apart from those mentioned, there’s a whole bunch of benefits that drinking water in the morning can provide. Without a doubt, it’s the easiest way to make significant changes to your lifestyle in a healthy and positive way.

Alkaline Water and Its Special Uses

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What is it recommended to drink? Alkaline water is water that has high alkaline content and that has been recognized as the best health enhancing type of water. It has many properties that make it beneficial to the body’s system in obtaining optimum health.


• Alkalinity – Alkaline water in Singapore provides the body with alkaline ionic minerals. These minerals are highly essential in balancing and neutralizing the pH level of the body. According to a health study by Dr Mabuchi Michi of Japan, to neutralize the acidity of a hundred grams of meat, a person must eat 1 cabbage plus 4 oranges. Equivalently, that’s 2 glasses of alkaline water with pH 10.

• Better Taste – Alkaline water Singapore tastes sweeter because it’s been processed to be free of foreign elements and minerals and because of the natural taste of alkaline. This makes it ideal for making beverages and for cooking. Others say that using alkaline water in cooking is effective in bringing out the natural taste of the food.

• Better Hydration – Alkaline water from in Singapore or also known as micro-clustered water better hydrates than any other type of water. This is due to the fact that its molecules can penetrate more easily into the cells in the bloodstream, thus hastening the absorption of nutrients at the cellular level. It also speeds up waste elimination in the body.

• Negative ORP – ORP or oxidation reduction potential is a measurement of how our body reacts to certain matters. Things that have positive ORP are acidic or oxidizing (deteriorates the body), while a negative ORP means that the thing is alkaline or provides energy. Drinking alkaline water in Singapore combats factors with positive ORP and help restore energy in the body.


• Detoxifying – Acid wastes in the body are harmful and so the body needs to flush them out of the system to ensure a healthy body. However, if we live a poor lifestyle characterized by lack of exercise and eating foods that are less healthy, acid wastes build up in the system. Eventually, they become poisonous. Alkaline water Singapore is helpful in flushing out these toxins, thus balancing the acid-alkaline level in the body.

When you feel symptoms of having an acidic body, it’s advisable to drink alkaline water immediately. In Singapore, a low urine pH can be a sign that the body is suffering from obesity, increased blood pressure, high blood sugar, high cholesterol and kidney stones. If the pH level of your urine is 5.7, you might be suffering from these. Generally, the lower your urine pH level is, the unhealthier you are.

The risk of getting these diseases is significantly reduced when alkaline water Singapore is included in diet. Drinking alkaline water decreases blood pressure and cholesterol levels, and reduces the risks of having high blood sugar and having stones in the kidney.

This article talks about alkaline water and the characteristics it has that make it the best health enhancement water. Alkaline water provides the body with alkaline ionic minerals. Alkaline water tastes sweeter simply because it is cleaner. Alkaline water hydrates better because of its smaller water clusters. Alkaline water is very rich in antioxidants with negative ORP. Alkaline water detoxifies.


Everything You Need to Know about Dehydration

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Every day, you tend to lose a lot of liquid so it is important that you replenish it right away to keep your body in harmony. If dehydration worsens, it will eventually lead to death. That is alarming. There are many Singaporeans who suffer from dehydration every day. Dehydration should not be ignored or disregarded.


There are many causes of dehydration. The fluid loss can be attributed to diarrhoea, vomiting, fever and many more. The symptoms include swollen tongue, weakness, dizziness, inability to sweet, fainting, palpitations, thirstiness, dry mouth and many more. You should know that you can determine dehydration based on the urine colour.


If you notice that your urine is deeply yellow or amber, that may mean that you are dehydrated. Dehydration can be treated easily. You only need to replenish the bodily fluids you lost. You need to drink lots of water or sports drink. You can consider Gatorade, Powerade, Pedialite and many more. However, dehydration can be severe. You have to seek medical care as soon as you experience symptoms like weight loss, weakness, fever (of more than 101°F), diarrhoea and vomiting.

However, if you experience seizures, headaches, extreme thirst, rapid heartbeat, rapid breathing, fainting, lethargy, difficulty in breathing, fever (of more than 103°F), you should seek medical attention immediately. If you want to stay away from dehydration, do not forget to take lots of fluid.

Dehydration can affect any Singaporean. You have to be careful especially that it is summer. It is hot; we lose a lot of fluids. Just remember to replenish it and you will be good.